DIY Digital RPM tachometer with Arduino

Some time we required to check the RPM of the motor while creating projects. A few days back when I was creating a project that time I required an RPM Tachometer to check the rotational speed of motor but did not have the RPM meter then I decided to make it myself as I know how to make it and I had all the equipment required.
So in this article, I am going to explain you about DIY Digital Tachometer with Arduino.

This article is about DIY digital RPM tachometer, After reading this article you will be able to check the speed of dc motor or any kind of rotational device.

So just the take the advantage and update yourself.

Following things are required to make RPM meter.

  1. Optical speed sensor
  2. Arduino
  3. OLED display
  4. Breadboard
  5. Jumper wire

In the following video, you can find the working demo of Arduino RPM tachometer.

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Arduino Code

#include <SPI.h>
#include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
#include <Adafruit_SSD1306.h>
#define OLED_RESET 4
Adafruit_SSD1306 display(OLED_RESET);
#define NUMFLAKES 10
#define XPOS 0
#define YPOS 1
#define DELTAY 2
#define LOGO16_GLCD_HEIGHT 16
#define LOGO16_GLCD_WIDTH 16
static const unsigned char PROGMEM logo16_glcd_bmp[] =
{
B00000000, B11000000,
B00000001, B11000000,
B00000001, B11000000,
B00000011, B11100000,
B11110011, B11100000,
B11111110, B11111000,
B01111110, B11111111,
B00110011, B10011111,
B00011111, B11111100,
B00001101, B01110000,
B00011011, B10100000,
B00111111, B11100000,
B00111111, B11110000,
B01111100, B11110000,
B01110000, B01110000,
B00000000, B00110000
}
;
#if (SSD1306_LCDHEIGHT != 64)
#error(“Height incorrect, please fix Adafruit_SSD1306.h!”);
#endif
//——code for RPM—————-
int encoder_pin = 2;
// The pin the encoder is connected
unsigned int rpm;
// rpm reading
volatile byte pulses;
// number of pulses
unsigned long timeold;
// The number of pulses per revolution
// depends on your index disc!!
unsigned int pulsesperturn = 1;
void counter()
{
//Update count
pulses++;
}
//———————————–
void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600);
// by default, we’ll generate the high voltage from the 3.3v line internally! (neat!)
display.begin(SSD1306_SWITCHCAPVCC, 0x3C);
// initialize with the I2C addr 0x3D (for the 128×64)
// init done
// Show image buffer on the display hardware.
// Since the buffer is intialized with an Adafruit splashscreen
// internally, this will display the splashscreen.
//display.display();
//delay(2000);
// Clear the buffer.
//display.clearDisplay();
// draw a single pixel
//display.drawPixel(10, 10, WHITE);
// Show the display buffer on the hardware.
// NOTE: You _must_ call display after making any drawing commands
// to make them visible on the display hardware!
//display.display();
//delay(2000);
//———–code for RPM—————
//Use statusPin to flash along with interrupts
pinMode(encoder_pin, INPUT);
//Interrupt 0 is digital pin 2, so that is where the IR detector is connected
//Triggers on FALLING (change from HIGH to LOW)
attachInterrupt(0, counter, FALLING);
// Initialize
pulses = 0;
rpm = 0;
timeold = 0;
}
void loop()
{
if (millis() – timeold >= 1000){
/*Uptade every one second, this will be equal to reading frecuency (Hz).*/
//Don’t process interrupts during calculations
detachInterrupt(0);
//Note that this would be 60*1000/(millis() – timeold)*pulses if the interrupt
//happened once per revolution
rpm = (60 * 1000 / pulsesperturn )/ (millis() – timeold)* pulses;
timeold = millis();
pulses = 0;
//Write it out to serial port
Serial.print(“RPM = “);
Serial.println(rpm,DEC);
updateDisplay(rpm);
//Restart the interrupt processing
attachInterrupt(0, counter, FALLING);
}
}
int valLen;
int displayWidth = 128;
int letterWidth = 18;
void updateDisplay(int rpm){
if(rpm > 9999)
valLen = 5;
else if(rpm > 999)
valLen = 4;
else if(rpm > 99)
valLen = 3;
else if(rpm > 9)
valLen = 2;
else
valLen = 1;

//————-update display————

display.clearDisplay();
// text display tests
display.setTextSize(1);
display.setTextColor(WHITE);
display.setCursor(30,0);
display.println(“CircuitMagic”);
display.setTextColor(BLACK, WHITE);
// ‘inverted’ text
//display.println(3.141592);
display.setTextSize(2);
display.setTextColor(WHITE);
display.setCursor(45,20);
display.println(“RPM”);
display.setCursor((displayWidth/2)-(letterWidth/2*valLen),42);
display.setTextSize(3);
display.println(rpm);
// display.println(0xDEADBEEF, HEX);
display.display();
//———————-
}

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18 Comments
  1. Joey Schlatter 2 years ago

    i am a newbie and, i am trying to learn this display, so i copied the code and there are many errors coming up the the display has not been defined? I was able to get the example code for the display to work.

  2. JimInWoodstock 2 years ago

    Your code is missing the library names in the include statements. Is there an updated copy of the source that has the correct include statements?

  3. Jose Guerra 2 years ago

    Hi, excellent post. I have completed the prevoius test with the OLED display using the Scan code. It was perfect!!! However, now I’m trying to run the current code to make the RPM meter and an error appers in the line “display.setTextSize(1);”, during the compilation. Can you help me please? Thanks in advance. Jose.

  4. Jose Guerra 2 years ago

    Hi, excellent project. I have completed the previous test using the Scan code for the OLED display, and it worked perfectly. However, now I’m trying to run the current code in order to make the RPM meter but an error is coming up just in the line “display.setTextSize(1)”. The error message is: ‘class Adafruit_SSD1306’ has no member named ‘setTextSize’. Any help, please??? Thanks in advance, jose.

  5. AKSHAY KUMAR 2 years ago

    Hi actually this project is really good… But only thing that is missing is that header files in arduino code…. so plz let me know all the header files used in it…. Waiting for your reply…

  6. Irving Rodriguez 2 years ago

    can you include the libraries???

  7. Serge Campeau 1 year ago

    What accuracy can you get at 50 000 rpm X 2 pulses/rev with a Uno?
    I will not watch this video until I get this answer.

  8. Menneset 1 year ago

    A shame, this is exactly what I need. But I don’t think we are going to get an answer on the missing header information.

    • Menneset 1 year ago
      • Menneset 1 year ago

        The sketch compiles with these three libraries…
        #include
        #include
        #include

        I am not sure what the fourth one is, and I have not yet tested for proper operation.

  9. Menneset 1 year ago

    [Moderator, please remove my previous comments.]

    The sketch compiles with these three libraries…
    Adafruit_GFX.h
    gfxfont.h
    Adafruit_SSD1306.h

    I am not sure what the fourth one is, and I have not yet tested for proper operation.
    It was the angle brackets that prevented the names from being displayed.

  10. Prompt 1 year ago

    hello
    Could you please tell me if I am able to use another LCD LCD1602+I2C?
    What kind of adjustments should I make?
    Thanks a lot

  11. laksamana_muda 12 months ago

    please give me the full source code, its important to me
    please reply as soon as posible

  12. Alper 10 months ago

    not working stray 342 error

  13. rajesh kunnath 8 months ago

    sir very nice project i need its circuit diagram .you didnt wire connections of the project

  14. PNorsworthy 7 months ago

    I am working with this project to get an RPM readout for my metal lathe. I got it to work, however the display is at the top of the screen and i can only see half of the readout. Does anyone have any idea what i’m doing wrong?

    Thanks

    • PNorsworthy 7 months ago

      Please disregard. I was using a 1.3″ LED. Now just to get the tach to work with the new .h file

  15. Paul 6 months ago

    I have the variable speed motor and the tach working on my metal lathe. However, the RPM jumps back and forth and sometimes misread all together. I have studied the code and can’t figure out if I can slow down the sample rate to possibly get a smoother read out. Does anyone have any suggestions how to solve this? Thank you.

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